Thursday, January 08, 2009

WORLD WAR I, THE GREAT WAR, LA PRIMERA GUERRA MUNDIAL (1914-1918)

WORLD WAR I,
THE GREAT WAR,
LA PRIMERA GUERRA MUNDIAL (1914-1918)
An assassination in the Balkans sparked the outbreak of World War I. Millions died during the war, which also led to a revolution and Communist rule in Russia. The war settlements redrew the map of Europe and imposed heavy penalties on Germany.
The Road to World War I
Competition over trade and colonies led to the formation of two rival European alliances—the Triple Entente of Great Britain, France, and Russia; and the Triple Alliance, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Repeated crises over Serbian claims on the Austro-Hungarian region of Bosnia revealed the dangers inherent in these alliances. Austria-Hungary, as well as numerous other European governments, confronted challenges from minorities that wished to establish their own national states. Strikes and violent actions by Socialist labor movements also threatened European governments. Many states responded with increasing militarism. The assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary by a Bosnian Serb militant set off a chain of diplomatic and military decisions that led all of the great powers of Europe into World War I.
The War
Most people in 1914 believed that the war would end quickly. The picture changed, though, as trench warfare between France and Germany turned into a stalemate and casualties mounted throughout Europe. Italy switched sides, and the Ottoman Empire joined the war on the side of the Triple Alliance. The war broadened further when German colonies came under attack and the British encouraged Ottoman provinces in the Middle East to revolt. The United States entered the war in 1917 in response to the German use of submarines against passenger ships. As the war dragged on, governments took control of national economies, censored the news media, and used propaganda to bolster public opinion. Women entered the workforce in large numbers. After the war, many lost their jobs to men but gained expanded rights and status. By 1921 women had the vote in Austria, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States

Assignment: Students are to respond to the following question in the blog:
WAS WORLD WAR I INEVITABLE? FUE LA PRIMERA GUERRA MUNDIAL INEVITABLE?

1 comment:

Guadalupe Gutierrez said...

It could be avoid because there was a murder and because of that the nations increased their militarism and it couldn't be avoid because most of countries wanted to show who was the most powerful nation and they also wanted to expand their territory.